A History of Thanksgiving Day
金 陵 輯
The Pilgrims celebrated their first
American harvest in October 1621, their first autumn on the New Continent.
Their Indian guests were seated around tables of game, fish, fruit,
corn-bread and vegetables from their own gardens. Of course, wild turkey was
in bountiful supply as the new settlers found "great stores" of the
The year following the first feast the settlers held no celebration. A long drought withered the crops in the fields and only the arrival of a supply ship saved the colonists from starvation. The governor appointed a day of "public thanksgiving" but this also differed from what we now know as Thanksgiving because there was no feast following the church service.
Although there were feasts, fasts and "thanksgiving days" every year, it was not until ten years later that a festival similar to today's was recorded. The record tells of a town meeting in the meetinghouse with psalm singing, prayer and a sermon. After the service the settlers went about "making merry."
For years the festival was an
almost uniquely New
That tradition was followed by
every president until 1939. When President Roosevelt named the next to last
Thursday in November as the date of celebration.
(From Tuesday, November 24, 1987 China Post)
感謝英文「中國郵報」 (China Post) 資料室陳主任授權轉載。