新聞常用語及句選(348)

Phrases in the News & Sentences Selected from the News

金 陵  編譯

March 27, 2003

每週四上傳

Journalistic Terms, English in the Media , Current Affairs Englsih

 

 

academic background

學術背景

infantry battalion

步兵營

Allied troops

聯軍部隊

infantry brigade

步兵

altitude sickness

高山症

infantry division

步兵師

anti-aircraft fire

防空

infantry regiment

步兵團

Apache helicopter

阿帕直昇機

international obligations

國際義務

armored column

裝甲車隊

invading troops

入侵部隊

await a response, to

等待回應

judicial reforms

司法改革

blinding sandstorms

使能見度極低的沙塵暴

law firm

法律事務所

cause of the disease

病因

mail-order bride

郵購新娘

civil rights lawyer

民權律師

military commanders

軍事指揮官

civilian casualties

民眾傷亡

military jeeps

軍事吉普車

coalition forces

聯軍

military progress

軍事進展

common cold

普通感冒

miniature horse

迷你馬

copyright law

著作權法

missing troops

失蹤士兵

criminal act

犯罪行為

non-combat deaths

非戰鬥死亡

destroy environment, to

破壞環境

personal background

個人背景

elite Republican Guards

精稅共和衛隊

political neutrality

政治中立

European Parliament

歐洲議會

poor weather

惡劣天候

foreign occupation

外國軍事佔領

Republican Guard troops

共和衛隊士兵(伊拉克)

front-line positions

前線陣地

set a record, to

創紀錄

goodwill visit

親善訪問

Shiite opposition group

什葉派反對團體

guerrilla tactics

游擊戰術

standing policy

既定政策

heavy casualties

嚴重傷亡

strong resistance

抵抗

human rights lawyer

人權律師

war correspondent

戰地記者

immediate withdrawal

立即撒退

World Water Forum

世界水資源論壇

                                             

 

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1.         A Republican Guard convoy(車隊) headed south from Baghdad toward central Iraq, site of the heaviest fighting of the war(名詞片語,central Iraq 同位語). In Baghdad, Iraqi officials said two cruise missiles hit a residential area, killing 14 people.

2.         About 1,000 U.S. paratroopers landed in northern Iraq, a U.S. military spokesman said, part of the American strategy of opening a northern front against Saddam Hussein's regime.

3.         Hoping to cripple the Iraqi government's communications(現在分詞片語), coalition troops attacked the state-run television headquarters in Baghdad before dawn Wednesday, knocking the station's international satellite signal off the air for a few hours.

4.         Two British soldiers have been missing since Sunday near Basra. Two journalists from British ITN television news also have disappeared in the area.

5.          In London, Amnesty International(國際特赦組織) said both sides may have committed war crimes, including coalition missile attacks on Iraqi TV. The human rights group accused Iraqi forces of deliberately shelling civilians in Basra and placing military objectives(軍事目標) close to civilians.

6.         The Saudi government(沙烏地阿拉伯政府) has quietly aided the U.S. war effort, even while anti-war and anti-U.S. sentiment(反美情緒) simmers(沸騰) among its citizens.

7.         A senior Pentagon source said he could not confirm U.S. media reports that Iraq leaders had drawn a red line around Baghdad within which Republican Guards had been authorized to use chemical weapons.

8.         Weather has had an impact on the battlefield in Iraq but despite that and Iraqi resistance the invasion of Iraq remains on track, a U.S. general said.

9.         The leader of Iraqs main Shiite opposition group warned Washington that U.S. troops would face armed resistance(武裝反抗) if they stayed in Iraq once President Saddam Hussein was toppled(推翻).

10.      Japan lower house of parliament passed a resolution calling for the resignation of a lawmaker who was arrested on charges of hiding political donations.

 

1. He knows that Grace is a good student.

底線代表名詞子句。

2. His leg which was hurt has heeled.

斜體代表限制形容詞子句。

2. His leg that was hurt has heeled.

斜體代表限制形容詞子句。

3. His head, which was hurt, has heeled.

細體代表非限制形容詞子句(非限制形容詞
子句前、後或前有逗點,非限制形容詞子句的關係代名詞不可用 that)

4. He was happy when he saw her.

粗斜體代表副詞子句。

表示哪些動詞與其同形名詞,形容詞後面跟的名詞子句中用原形動詞?
(
請點)「語法與用法(12)

ª 表示哪些動詞及片語後面跟動名詞?(請點)「語法與用法  (18)

表示用否定字開始一句時,該句用倒裝句(請點)倒裝句的寫法

表示現在分詞片語作形容詞用。

表示過去分詞片語作形容詞用。

表示動名詞作介系詞受詞用。

 

詞彙來源:閱聽視自中國郵報 (China Post),英國國家廣播公司(BBC)Ananova,美國
     有線電視新聞網(CNN)NBCNew York Times,及網路新聞(Web News)等。
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      大學入學學科能力測驗昨天的英文考題很生活化,沒有艱深的詞彙或內
      容,
毒品奧運電子郵件地震洋芋片都入了題(聯合報02/12/01)
      大學入學學科能力測驗昨天的英文考題很生活化,
如基因工程,複製
      (聯合報02/03/02)。這些詞彙在本網站中都有。

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