英譯中(11A原文/原語)

金陵 編輯

May 12, 2000

 

下段為英國文學浪漫時期(The Romantic Age)的知名散文作家查理士(Charles Lamb1775-1834)的生平簡介。他家境清寒,兒時入倫敦知名之慈善學校基督公學。十四歲時,因口吃而未能通過大學先修班之考試而輟學後,即開始自謀生計。他初入南海公司(South Sea House),十七歲轉入東印度茶葉公司(East India Tea House)。他的散文傑作有二:Dream Children(夢裡孩兒---譯文見1988.8.7.聯合報副刊)A Dissertation Upon Roast Pig (論烤豬譯文見1987.9.30中央日報副刊)。前者悲愴,後者幽默。他在東印度茶葉公司擔任會計共三十三年之久,直到五十歲退休。他退休後的感覺是:Every day was Sunday.(天天都是星期天)。他的一生充滿了痛苦與哀愁。他的哥哥約翰早亡,姐姐瑪麗(Mary Lamb)因精神病而殺死自己的母親,他照顧姐姐達四十年之久。他的散文集為Essays of Elia (伊利亞文集), 多為自傳的小品文,文中明示(written text)或暗示(unwritten text)皆傳達他的痛苦與哀愁。他年青時曾有過幾次小小的戀愛(He had several mild love affairs),其中一次受挫而精神短暫失常,時年二十一歲。他終生難忘的一位女孩是Ann Simmons, Dream Children中的Alice,愛她長達七年。也許因曾短暫的精神失常,以及家境等因素,他不願拖累她,萬般無耐地將自己的情愛昇華為精神之愛(spiritual love / Platonic love),故終生未娶。他與瑪麗共同將莎士比亞劇本中的二十改寫為散文。他改寫四個悲劇(Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, King Lear),瑪麗改寫十六喜劇。書名是Tales From Shakespeare (1807年出版,中譯為莎士比亞戲劇故事集 / 莎士比亞的故事 / 莎翁樂府本事),英語系的同學應該細讀原文,再讀中英對照本。

                                                                                                                     

Translate the following passage into Chinese(試譯下段為中文):

 

Charles Lamb was a lifelong friend of Coleridge, with whom he was at school at Christ's Hospital, and under whose tutelage he began writing verses and stories.  When Lamb was twenty-one he suffered a temporary derangement of mind, and in the same year his sister Mary, who had been devoted to him from his infancy, became suddenly insane and killed their own mother.  From his dreadful catastrophe, Lamb's character emerged full-formed.

 

He took charge of his failing father and after a time obtained permission for his sister to live with him.  Her malady frequently returned, but always with due warning, when brother and sister would be seen walking together to the asylum, both weeping bitterly. For the rest of the time Lamb drudged faithfully as clerk in the East India House, and spent evenings and holidays with his books, his friends and his sister.  And there were no livelier, brighter, more lovable persons in all England than Charles and Mary Lamb.

 

Coleridge---Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772 1834 ,英國詩人,他的名詩如:The Rime

 of Ancient Mriner-- 古舟子之歌 Kubla Khan-- 成吉思汗。)

Christ's Hospital---基督公學 或稱基督學堂 (慈善學校,專供貧窮家庭小孩就讀。)

 

譯文見英譯中(11B)

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