中英翻譯 (7A原文)

金陵 輯

April 14, 2000

source langauge

下面這篇短文簡介英國偉大的劇作家莎士比亞(1564 - 1616)的一生。英國人說不用英文中

最高級來形容他是不可能的。評論家不斷地說他是英國最偉大的作家、或許也是世界文學中最偉大的詩人。他寫了三十七個劇本。我們都知道他是偉大的劇作家,但他也寫了一百五十四首十四行詩(sonnet早年音譯為商籟詩),所以他也是偉大的詩人。他的十四行詩是意大利十四行詩的變體,有它的特色,所以稱為「莎士比亞十四行詩」,因為他是英國文學史上「伊麗莎白時期」的文學家,所以「莎士比亞十四行詩」又稱為「伊麗莎白十四詩」。

 

Translate the following passages into Chinese (試譯下列短文):

 

The poet was born in the village of Stratford on the little Avon River.  He was baptized in the little village church of Stratford-on-Avon, April 26, 1564, and fifty-two years later he was buried there. His father was a tanner and glover. William attended the local grammar school until he was fourteen, and as he says, picked up small Latin and less Greek. His formal education was small, but his powers of observation and his faculty of curiosity were great. He did not attend the universities, but he stored up images from nature and life about him.

 

His fathers financial circumstances became more and more strained and William was forced to leave school. At eighteen he married Ann Hathaway, a woman eight years his senior. We have evidence that young Shakespeare was of a full amorous nature. Anns and his child was baptized six months after the marriage. The marriage did not prove to be an ideal one. It is also evident that he indulged in pranks of various sorts.  There is some reason to believe that he left Stratford (between 1585 and 1587) because of the matter of deer stealing from one of the local gentry.

 

He went to London and soon became attached to the company of actors playing the Theatre of James Burbage. He stayed with Burbage as actor, playwright, and part owner for many years. His life was spent on the stage and behind the scenes.

譯文見英譯中(7B)

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