BBS Q & A 10 (1-20)

金 陵

March 17, 2004

 Questions and Answers

本站為對英文有興趣之同學解惑,在「政大貓空BBS站」及「台大椰林風情BBS站」的英文板上,回答問題,並摘要選擇已回答的問題與答案,陸續登錄在本站BBS Q & A (1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(6),(7),(8),(9),(10)中,供網友參閱。

(1)

I saw him walking into the classroom

I saw him walk into the classroom有何不同?

 

A.    

I saw him walking into the classroom 表示我所看到的行為未完成 (incomplete action),也就是說我看見他走進教室,沒有繼續看下去他是否坐下準備上課。
I saw him walk into the classroom表示我所看到的行為已經完成 (complete action),也就是說我看見他走進教室,繼續看見他坐下準備上課。

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(2)

Drinking coffee helps me stay awake.

為何有兩個動詞中p “to”?

A.

英文用法中有一項規定,就是在某些動詞後,如再有動詞,就在它之前省 ”to”, 即所謂 infinitive without “to” 下列動詞即是:

behold, bid, feel, have. hear, let, make, observe, perceive, see, watch.

例如:Let me go.  She always sees him smile. 等

help 原本也是infinitive without “to”.

例如:She helped her mother prepare breakfast. 美國英文不用”to”

但英國英文用”to”

例如:She helped her mother to prepare breakfast.

所以我們可以不要記”help”是不是infinitive without “to”.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(3)

bird watching, bird-watching兩者均可嗎?

A.   bird watching,  bird-watching,  birdwatching 三者均可bird watcher,  bird-watcher,  birdwatcher 均可,所以 He went bird watching yesterday.  He went birdwatching yesterday. 亦可,但電腦上打birdwatching 出現紅底線,正如在電腦上打center 的英國拼法centre出現紅底線一樣,並非拼錯,只表示電腦不接受英國拼法。

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(4)

in addition to是什麽?

A

1.      in addition to (片語介系詞) =除了……還       besides (介系詞) =除了……還

例如:Jackson speaks French in addition to English.
            Jackson speaks French besides English .

2. besides (連接副詞)=而且
例如:He came to class late.  Besides, he walked into the classroom
            with a sandwich in his mouth.

3. in addition(副詞片語)= 除了 ……還  
例如:Jackson speaks French. In addition, he speaks English .

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(5)

我記得有一句話叫做 熟稔生輕蔑 familiarity ______ contempt.中間動詞忘了,

煩請各位大人解答一下。

 

A

Familiarity breeds contempt (No. 203, 800 English Proverbs Explained by Ronald Ridout & Clifford Witting),國內英漢字典都將此句譯為「熟稔造成輕忽」,「狎暱產生輕蔑」或「熟稔生輕蔑」,很生澀。台北文鶴書店舊版【諺語辭典】(1993)也這麼譯,經本站主持人建議改譯後,新版【諺語辭典】(2001)即改譯U「虎生猶可近,人熟不堪親」(出自增廣昔時賢文一書)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(6)

請問一下  for ever    forever 有什麼不同?

 

A

forever可以拼為 for ever, 兩者沒有什麼不同,只是通常多用forever

例如:The will live together forever. They will live together for ever.

加強語氣:They will live together for ever and ever. 此時則分寫forever for ever.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(7)

 

請問哪一個是確答案?

I hope you don't mind ___ opening the door.

(1) I'm  (2) I  (3) me  (4) my

A

正確答案是(4):I hope you don't mind my opening the door.

所有格my後opening是動名詞

口語可以用(3):I hope you don't mind me opening the door.

受格me後opening是分詞,修飾me.
英文有三種:acceptable English(formal English), questionable English(informal English), and
illiterate English(文盲英文)。考試時當然只有(4)是正確答案(acceptable English)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(8)

 

請問let the cat out of the bag是什麽意思?

 

A let the cat out of the bag意思是:

(非正式英文) 洩露秘密 (尤其是指無意中洩露秘密)

(informal English) to tell a secret, esp. unintentionally

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(9)

in April 1995, 或是 on April 1995?

A in April 1995

date 前用 on例如:on April 14, 1995month前用 in 例如:in April

year 前用 in 例如:in 1995Sunday through Monday前用 on

例如:Officials said on Monday.

在新聞英語中常省畧 on.

例如:Officials said Monday.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(10)

「我思故我在」怎麽說?

 

A「我思故我在」是法國哲學家笛卡爾(Rene Descartes)名言(maxim)的中譯。

英譯有兩種如下:

I think; therefore, I exist.”

I think; therefore, I am."

(請注意標點符號)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(11)

 

請問everyday 與every day的差別

 

A everyday—(adjective形容詞) 每天的;日常的

例如: He takes a walk in everyday clothes.(便服)

everyday life, everyday dialogue, everyday English, everyday matters

every day—每天(adverbial phrase副詞片語)

例如: He takes a walk every day.他每天散步 (every day 是副詞片語,修飾 takes a walk)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 

(12)

 

請問:標題裡面不能大寫的字有哪些?

 

A In titles, prepositions, articles, and conjunctions are not capitalized unless they
begin the title.  All other words are capitalized.

(在寫標題的時候,介系詞,冠詞,連接詞都不要大寫,除非它們是標題的
第一個字。其它的字都要大寫)

例如:My life in the United Kingdom    My Brother and I

    On Reading Between the Lines(談字裡行間;談弦外之音;談言外之意)

Prepositions of more than four letters are frequently capitalized in titles.

(介系詞超過四個字母時,通常都要大寫)

例如:On Reading Between the Lines

(以摘錄及翻譯自本人英文著作「實用英文文法與修辭」(第五版第九刷)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(13)

 

請問一夜情怎麼說?

 

A「一夜情」是one-night stand.
a one-night stand is a very brief sexual relationship, usually involving having sex with particular person on only one occasion.
請在Collins Cobuild English Dictionary中查 one 即可見one-night stand.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(14)

 

句子最後是一個縮寫字母,已有句號,還要不要再加一個句號?

 

A 不要再加句號

例如:In 1982 the U.S. State Department invited me to visit Washington D.C.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(15)

如何使用連字號?

A連字號(hyphen)的使用如下:

1.      寫分數時用:One-third of the students are from that school.

2.      寫數字21- 99時用:There are thirty-two students from that school.

3.      手數文章時,行末寫不下時用:He graduated from the His-
tory Department of that university.

4.      連接兩個或多個單字變成一個詞或形容詞時用:

a)      一個詞:great-grandfather(曾祖父); forget-me-not(勿忘我);touch-me-not(含羞草);trouble-maker(麻煩製造者);father-in-law等。

b)      形容詞:heart-to-heart talk(談心);once-in-a-life-time chance(千載難逢的機會);mouth-to-mouth resuscitation(口對口人工呼吸);nice-looking man; eye-catching girl; long-legged girl;hard-working student; grim-faced teacher;kind-hearted man(心地善良的人);narrow-minded man(心地狹窄的人);one-sided love(單戀);many-sided man(多才多藝的人)等。

注意:great grandfather(偉大的祖父)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(16)

如果一群人去吃飯,如何說,我們要分開付錢?

 

A go Dutch----各自付帳 
1. Let’s go Dutch. 我們各付各的。
2. My classmates and I always go Dutch when we go out to restaurants.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 

(17)

 

何時用過去完成式,何時可不用?

 

A 過去完成式(past perfect tense)即過去堛犒L去(past in the past),過去發生兩件事,
一前一後,先發生的用過去完成式,後發生用簡過去式。

例如:He had left the party when it began.

He had left the party before it began.

I arrived at his home after he had left.

如果句中有時間信號字(time signals) 如before, after, 則可不用過去完成式。

例如:He left the part before it began.

I arrived at his home after he left.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(18)

怎麽說「活到老,學到老」?

 

A One is never too old to learn. Never too old to learn. (或 學不厭老)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(19)

「生理時鐘」怎麽說?

 

A biological clock   /   body clock  /   internal clock

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(20)

「民宿」怎麽說?

A 英國用bed and breakfast(簡稱B & B) 即 a private house or small hotel that provides a place to sleep for the night and breakfast for the next morning  或稱Bed & Breakfast Inn

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

To be continued

回上頁|回首頁|