BBS Q & A 11 (1-20)

金 陵

September 12, 2005

本站為對英文有興趣之同學解惑,在「政大貓空BBS站」及「台大椰林風情BBS站」的英文板上,回答問題,並摘要選擇已回答的問題與答案,陸續登錄在本站BBS Q & A (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)(10)(11)中,供網友參閱。

(1)

請解析此句:

Venomous snakes have modified teeth connected to poison glands in which the venom is secreted and stored.

 

此句可分解U

1. Venomous snakes have teeth.(受詞) 什麼樣的teeth?  modified teeth

2. Venomous snakes have modified teeth.( modified是過去分詞作形容詞用,形容teeth)

3. connected to poison glands (過去分詞片語作形容詞用,在teeth後,也是形容teeth)

4. 也可擴大為形容詞子句:Venomous snakes have modified teeth (which are) connected to poison glands.

5. in which the venom is secreted and stored. 形容詞子句,修飾poison glands

6. 也可寫為:which the venom is secreted and stored in. (secrete 是動詞 )

 

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(2)

請問「別人憂天」的英文

 

A. 800 English Proverbs Explained (編者 Ronald Ridout & clifford Witting)一書中第496 Never trouble trouble till trouble troubles you.= Never look for trouble.

= Don’t worry about something before it has happened.

= Your fears may be groundless, for it may never happen.

即「別人憂天」或「船到橋頭自然直」。

同書第137Don’t meet trouble half-way.

亦即「別人憂天」或「船到橋頭自然直」。

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(3)

請教星期幾什麼時候不加on?

 

A. SundaySaturday前用on或不用on皆可。在British English中,正式用on, 非正式不用on;在American English中,正式或非正式皆可不用on.(請在Cambridge International Dictionary of EnglishSunday)。用on的例句詳見本站:「新聞英語」第五頁新聞英語句析中:第411-2→3,4,5,6,8412-2→4;第413-2→2,7;第418-2→8;第428-2→2,4,5


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(4)
一体兩面」怎麽說?

 

A. two sides of a coin

例如:Reading and writing are the two sides of a coin.

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(5)

Do you mind my opening the door(你介意我開門嗎?)
不是應該用me嗎?為何是
my opening

A. Do you mind my opening the door?就文法來說,opening是動名詞,前面應該用所有格代名詞my, 這句是對的。
Do you mind me opening the door
?就文法來說,opening是現在分詞,me是受格代名詞opening修飾me. 這句也是對的。
在說話的時候,通常我們都會用Do you mind me opening the door
我們也可以說:Would you mind if I open the door?

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(6)

秋老虎英文怎麼說?

A. Indian summer—a period of calm warm weather which sometimes happens in the early autumn.
An Indian summer also means a pleasant or successful time nearly at the end of a particular period, such as the end of someone’s life.--From Cambridge International Dictionary of English

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(7)

請問for which 的用法

A. for which 的用法如下:
This is the house.   Our teacher paid a lot for this house.

關係代名詞合併以上兩句U一句,which 代表 the house,
the house
前有for, 所以:This is the house for which our teacher paid a lot.

也可寫U:

1.     This is the house which our teacher paid a lot for. (formal English)

2.     This is the house our teacher paid a lot for. (informal English)

3.     This is the house for which our teacher paid a lot. (formal English
& emphasized
加强句)

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(8)

請問Charity begins at home.的意思

A. Charity begins at home. 沒有相等的中譯,它真正含意是「仁慈與真情是自幼從培養愛家人、幫助家人開始,進而愛他人、幫助他人。」
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(9)

請問Waste not, want not. 的意思

A. Waste not, want not. 直譯「不浪費,不窮困」或意譯「細水長流」。

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(10)

請問格殺勿論的中譯

A. shoot to kill

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(11)

Sunshine is the utmost importance to health.  is 後面要加of?

 

A.要加,因Uof + n = adjective  例如:of beauty = beautiful; of + importance= important

utmost (adj)= 最大的,最高的,無上的of + (the) utmost importance = the most important

of( the可省略) utmost importance

所以Sunshine is of the utmost (adj.) importance (noun.) to health.
= Sunshine is the most (adv.) important (adj.) to health.

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(12)

 

請問 五加二等於七 ? 英文怎麼翻.

 

A.以下用法均可:

1. Five and two is seven.    2. Five and two are seven.

3. Five and two makes seven.    4. Five and two make seven.

5. Five and two equals seven.    6. Five and two equal seven.

7. Five plus two equals seven.    8. Five plus two equal seven.

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(13)

 

現在分詞與動名詞如何分辨?

 

A. participles:

sleeping beauty= a beauty that is sleeping (睡美人),

sleeping child= a child that is sleeping (在睡覺的小孩),

sleeping dog= a dog that is sleeping (在睡覺的狗)

running water=water that is running (自來水),

drinking horse=a horse that is drinking (在喝水的馬),

以上 beauty, child, dog, water, horse 都分別有睡眠、流動、喝的行為。

 

gerunds

drinking water= water for drinking(飲水)running shoes= shoes for running(跑鞋),

sleeping car= a car for sleeping(卧車)dining car=a car for dining(餐車),

sleeping pills=pills for sleeping(安眠藥)sleeping bag(睡袋)

以上water, shoes, car, pills, bag都無飲、跑、卧、睡的行為。

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(14)


If you’re interested in modern art, you should see the new exhibit at the museum.  It is fascinating.

為何不能用fascinated

 

A. interest interesting 來說明如下:

interest興趣(名詞)  Ex: I have an interest in reading novels.

interest使有興趣(動詞) Ex: Reading novels interests me. I am interested in reading novels.

interesting 有興趣的(形容詞) Ex: Reading novels is interesting.

fascination 迷戀 (名詞)  Ex: Karen has a fascination for (with) soap operas.

fascinate使著迷;使入迷(動詞)  Ex: Her beauty fascinates us all.
We are all fascinated with (by) her beauty.

fascinating使人入迷的(形容詞)  Ex: Her beauty is fascinating.

另如:bore, disappoint, embarrass, surprise, etc 皆是。

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To be continued

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