BBS Q & A3(1-20)

金 陵

 Questions and Answers

本站為對英文有興趣之同學解惑,在「政大貓空BBS站」、「台大椰林風情BBS站」的英文板上,及在網托邦「英語教室板」上回答問題,並摘要選擇已回答的問題與答案,陸續登錄在本站BBS Q & A (1),(2),(3)中,供網友參閱。

(1)

Chipmakers that make chips on a made-to-order basis....

Q.  請問made-to-order是什麼意思呢?
A.  be made to order 是正合理想的,最洽當的。
例如:The weather was made to order for mountain climbing.
因為後面跟名詞,所以用連字號 (hyphen) 把 made-to-order
三字連起來,當一個形容詞,形容basis, 所以成為 made-to-order.
又如:heart-to-heart talk; never-to-be-forgotten trip; face-to-face contact
            once-in-a-lifetime chance, etc.

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(2)

What's different between on the street and in the street?

 

A. on the street=美國用法   in the street=英國用法

girl on the street=阻街女郎,街上拉客之妓女

live / go on the streets=成為妓女,賣淫為生

a woman of the streets=妓女

 

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(3)

 

I’ll suggest that he go to the doctor’s as soon as he returns from school.

 

Q. 為什麼不是goes呢?前面的不加es,為何後面要加s 呢?

 

A. 請見本網站「語法與用法」中『原形動詞的特殊用法』。詳述那些動詞與形容詞後的名詞子句中動詞要用原形動詞,或英國用法加should等。

 

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(4)

 

Q. 請問quot小三通 & quot的英文。

 

A. quot 應為 quote, & quot 應為 unquote. 小三通是:mini three links
quot小三通 & quot應寫作:
quote mini three links unquote.

在寫的時候可用引號 " mini three links " 但在說時: quote代替開始的引號, unquote代替結束的引號。

例如: He said quote I am a college student unquote=He said, " I am a college student.

 

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(5)

 

Q. 請問human跟human being一不一樣?

A. 不一樣。
human--adj. 人的,人類的.
例如:human nature, human brain, human vegetable人性,人腦,植物人
又如:英國最偉大的詩人 Alexander Pope(1688 - 1744)的名言又如:英國最偉大的詩人 Alexander Pope(1688 - 1744)的名言
To err is human, to forgive divine.
錯為人之事, 恕為神之業。
human being--noun 人,人類。

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(6)

 

剛才在看文法書的時候,有一個疑惑,那就是father是專有名詞嗎?以下兩個句:

1.      Where is father?

2.      Where is Father?

請問這兩個句子,哪一個是對的? 為什麼呢?

2. 是對的。father不是專有名詞,只是在用法上,如果不用第一人稱所有格代名
詞my, our時,就用大寫。例如:

I told Father I wouldnt go home this weekend.

I told my father I wouldnt go home this weekend.

 

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(7)

 

Mother sometimes helped me _______ my homework.

(A) did  (B) doing  (C) to doing  (D) to do.請問答案要選拿一個呢? why?

help+受詞後不是用原形動詞嗎? 怎麼這裡沒有原形動詞的選項呢?

 

A. 選(D) to do. 美國口語省 to, 英國也有這種趨勢。
     例如:Mother sometimes helped me do my homework.

 

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(8)

 

Q. 請問一題文法:

give the present to ____ you think can speak English fluently.

答案是whoever, 我覺的奇怪, 為什麼不能用who?謝謝!

 

A. whoever =the person who.

the person 做 preposition to的受詞   who做 can speak . . . . 的主詞

=Give the present to the person who (you think) can speak English fluently.

whomever=the person whom

Give the present to whomever you like.

=Give the present to the person whom you like.

 

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(9)

 

Demographic studies show that Hispanics in the United States have established communities in every region and in most large cities of the country but that they have been so selective that half of them live in only ten metropolitan areas.

 

Q. 我的疑問是:為何but後面不直接接句子, 而要用that子句?

 

A. 因為show後跟兩個名詞子句 (thatbut that)做它的受詞。如果不用that, 句子變成 Demographic studies showbut they have .(兩個主要子句)。原句是一個主要子句及兩個附屬子句:

Demographic studies show that but that .可簡化為:

His studies show that he worked hard but that he ignored his health.

 

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(10)

 

Mother sometimes helped me _______ my homework.

(A)  did  (B) doing  (C) to doing  (D) to do.

Q.請問答案要選拿一個呢? why?

help+受詞後不是用原形動詞嗎? 怎麼這裡沒有原形動詞的選項?

 

A. (D) to do. 因為美國口語省 to, 英國也有這種趨勢。

 

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(11)

Q.請問一下:在英文中有沒有「光陰似箭,歲月如梭」這句成語?謝謝。
A. English Proverbs Explained( Ronald Ridout & Clifford Witting合著)這本英文諺語書中有相似的成語,該書共有800句英文諺語,其中第686 即Times flies. 中譯即用相似的中文成語:「光陰似箭,日月如梭」。
Time flies源自拉丁文Tempus fugit. 將「光陰似箭,日月如梭」譯為英文即: Time flies like an arrow. Time flies的加強語氣句則為:Time does fly.

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(12)

請問牛排從生到熟的講法


A.  通常分下列三、四種:
rare
近生的  /  medium rare半熟的  /  well done--熟透的
rare
近生的  /  medium rare半熟的  /  medium well done近熟的  /  well done熟透的

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(13)

我想徵求一首情詩送女朋友,還要有押韻喔


A. 您可引用英國女詩人Elizabeth Barrett 寫給她詩人丈夫Robert Browning
的詩集「葡萄牙人的十四行」(Sonnets from the Portuguese)中的第43首:

How do I love thee? Let me count the ways.
I
love thee to the depth and breadth and height
My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight
For the Ends of Being and ideal Grace.
I
love thee to the level of every day
s
Most quiet need, by sun and candle-light.
I
love thee freely, as men strive for Right;
I
love thee purely, as they turn from Praise.
I love thee with the passion put to use
In my old griefs, and with my childhood
s faith.
I
love thee with a love I seemed to lose
With my lost saints
I love thee with the breath,
Smiles, tears, of all my life!
and, if God choose,
I shall but
love thee better after death.
兩者不朽愛情(immortal romance) 請見「中英翻譯25A & 25B」

另有一首:

To Electra      Robert Herrick作
(1591
1674英國名詩人,詩作超過1400首,選自
莎士比亞時代抒情詩。如相識未久,可用此首。)
   I dare not ask a kiss,
      I dare not beg a smile,
         Lest having that, or this,
                 I might grow proud the while.

        No, no, the utmost share
   Of my desire shall be
Only to kiss that air
     That lately kissed thee.

I was born to love you---from Yahoo
My love for you is eternal.----from China Post

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(14)

子句的銜接前後關係式怎樣定的,如
The person to whom Johnny . . . . to是否應為一動詞的後續?

A. to whom 是這樣來的:
1.  He is the person.  2.  I sent an email to him.
   Combine the two sentences(1 + 2)=
   He is the person to whom I sent an email.(加強句--emphatic sentence) 或
   He is the person whom I sent an email to. (非加強句
unemphatic sentence)

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(15)

 

Q. wait & await 有何不同?

A. wait是不及物動詞,後跟介系詞。例如: I'll wait for you
await是及物動詞,所以不跟介系詞。例如:I'll await you.
同樣的情況是arrive 與 reach. 例如:
I arrived at Taipei at four o'clock.   I reached Taipei at four o'clock.
那為何可以說:
I arrived home at four oclock呢?
因為home 可以作副詞用,所以不用介系詞  at.
I reached home at four o
clock. 本句中 home 作名詞用。

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(16)

Q. sometimes & sometime有何不同?

A. sometimes==有時候       I go to Taichung to see my parents sometimes.
sometime==某一時間          I stayed in Taichung sometime last year.
some time==一段時間          I stayed in Taichung for some time last year.

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(17)

Q.我看不懂,請分析一下:
The discovery that coal could be burned made possible
the kind of industrial society in which we live

A. 本句可簡化為:
The discovery made the kind of industrial society possible.
What discovery?  What kind of industrial society?
that coal could be burned(名詞子句作discovery的同位語)
made possible the kind of industrial society =
made the kind of industry society possible
因為後跟形容詞子句in which we live,為了使它的先行詞society越接近它越好,所以將possible移到made 之後,故寫成
. . . made possible the kind of industrial society
in which we live.

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(18)

 

_____, he never begged for money.
1)  Poor as he was
2)  Despite he was poor
3)  Because he was poor
4)  In spite of he was poor
Q.  為什麼答案是1,為什麼2不行?
A. 
答案是1),因為Poor as he was, = Though he was poor,
為什麼2)不行? 因為despite 是介系詞,後面不能跟句子。
4) In spite of也不行,因為它是片語介系詞。
只能用Despite the fact that he was poor, he never begged for money.
或In spite of the fact that he was poor, he never begged for money.
3) 不合邏輯,應改為:Though he was poor, he never begged for money.

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(19)

Q. 我看不懂下面的句子,請分析一下:
The discovery that coal could be burned made possible
the kind of industrial society in which we live.
A.先將名詞子句形容詞子句抽離:
The discovery that coal could be burned made possible the kind of industrial society in which we live.
本句便可簡化為:  The discovery made possible the kind of industrial society.
what discovery?    that coal could be burned名詞子句discovery的同位語。
The discovery is that coal could be burned.
What kind of industrial society?
The industrial society is the one in which we live.
made possible the kind of industrial society = made the kind of industry society possible
因為後跟形容詞子句in which we live,為了使它的先行詞society越接近它越好,所以將possible移到made 之後,故寫成
. . . made possible the kind of industrial society
in which we live.

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(20)

Q. Which one is correct?

1. Did you use to play baseball?     2. Did you used to play baseball?
The first one is correct.
use to + V
Did you use to get up early?  I didn
t use to get up early.
be used to + V+ ing  ;    get used to =+V+ ing
Are you used to getting up early?  Do you get used to getting up early?
I am used to getting up early.  I get used to getting up early.
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