BBS Q & A6 (1-20)

金 陵

 Questions and Answers

本站為對英文有興趣之同學解惑,在「政大貓空BBS站」、「台大椰林風情BBS站」的英文板上,及在網托邦「英語教室板」(現己取消)上回答問題,並摘要選擇已回答的問題與答案,陸續登錄在本站BBS Q & A (1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(6)中,供網友參閱。

(1)

分號(semicolon)怎麼用?

A. 分號 (semicolon) 有四種用法:

1.      用連接副詞(besides, consequently, furthermore, hence, however,
likewise, moreover, nevertheless, otherwise, therefore, thus,
etc.)
連接兩個主要子句時用。
Ex. He did not send me an invitation; therefore, I didn
t go to his wedding.

2.      連接兩個關係密切子句時用。
Ex. The singular form is woman; the plural form is women.
      Don
t worry yourself about the children; they are old enough to
      take good care of themselves.

3.      連接兩個主要子句,而各有逗號時用。
In as new country, character is essential; in the old, reputation is sufficient.

4.      連接兩個或兩個以上主要子句而不用連接詞 and時用。
Ex. He is a businessman; she is a secretary; I am a teacher.
      He is a businessman, she is a secretary, and I am a teacher.

(譯自拙著Practical English Grammar & Rhetoric第九版第五刷pp. 73-74)

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(2)

我聽過說十元、廿元的元,不是用dollars而是用bugs之類
的音,是口語嗎?如何拼寫?

A. 是美國俚語美元。拼為buck  例如:ten bucks=ten dollars  但在美國口語多說ten
bucks
,正如我們多說「十塊錢」而少說「十元」一樣。

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(3)

cloud number nine是什麼意思?

A. 應為cloud nine 或 cloud 9  (美國俚語)意思是狂喜;極樂心境。
時代雜誌  p. 43,Time, March 18, 2002 一期
Too Close for Comfort

一文中有:She didnt raise any ethnical concerns.  She was on Cloud 9.

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(4)

「船到橋頭自然直」這句話怎麼說?

 

A. 英文有五句諺語含有中文「船到橋頭自然直」的意思:

1. Dont cross a bridge till you come to it.

2. Dont cry before you are hurt.

3. Dont meet trouble halfway.

4. Never trouble trouble till trouble troubles you.

5. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.

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(5)

無可取代,英文怎麼說?

 

A. 無可取代的是irreplaceable = ir + replaceable
ir是字首,意思是 not, without, un, 如以ir開頭的字,要變成否定,通常加 ir
例如:irregular, irreligious, irresponsible, etc.
如以il開頭的字,要變成否定,通常加 il
例如:illegal, illogical, illegitimate, etc.

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(6)

甘蔗怎麼說?

 

A. 甘蔗是 sugar cane  將 sugar cane位置互換,則成為cane sugar蔗糖。
有很多類似的雙字詞 (two-word nouns),將位置互換,另有新意,蠻有趣的,我給雙字詞取名為 two-word nouns, 英文中沒有這樣的表達。其它例子如下:(詳見「語法與用法」)

 

cane sugar

蔗糖

sugar cane

甘蔗

study group

研究小組

group study

小組究研

meter taxi

計程車

taxi meter

計程表

picture word

象形文字

word picture

生動之文字描述

problem youth

問題青年

youth problem

青年題問

student teacher

實習老師

teacher student

帶職進修老師

 

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(7)

to + V +ing & to + V 有何不同

 

A. to 有兩種:一是不定詞符號,後跟動詞。
例如 :I want to go home.  I like to sing.  I used to get up early.
一是介系詞,後跟名詞或動名詞。
例如: I went to his home.  I am used to getting up early.
下列片語後均為介系詞,都要用動名詞:

 

be devoted to

get through

look forward to

with a view to

be opposed to

give up

insist on

 

be used to

go on

object to

 

be committed to

leave off

put off

 

詳見本站 (語法 & 用法)

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(8)

我的錶慢五分鐘怎麼說?

 

A. My watch is five minutes slow.
中文直譯:我的錶五分鐘慢。
中文意譯:我的錶慢五分鐘。
以上說明了中英文的表達方式不同。
另外中文「亂七八糟」的英文是 at sixes and sevens.
中文直譯:亂六七糟。詳見本站「應用英語」中演講大綱

中英翻譯7(6)

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(9)

 

在床上看書是in bed 還是on the bed

 

A. on the bed
on the bed 是躺在床上;in bed 是在睡覺。
例如:Jenny is in bed. 金妮在睡覺。
            Jenny is reading on the bed. 金妮躺在床上看書。

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(10)

 

The House _______ I live now was built ten years ago.

句中的I live now是否可視為插入句?

 

A. 不是插入句,而是形容詞子句的一部分。因為空格的答案是填where.
The House (where I live now) was built ten years ago.  where I live now 是形容詞子句。
where是關係副詞。was built ten years ago的主詞是 the house. 空格中不能用which,
因為which是關係代名詞,而live 在此句中是不及物動詞,所以要用關係副詞 where.
或用 in which=where, 所以也可寫為:The House in which I live now was built ten years ago.

The House which I live in now was built ten years ago.

或非正式英文:The House I live in now was built ten years ago.

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(11)

 

下面四句文法對不對?

 

1. The girl who(or whom) Mary wanted to talk to is my friend.

2. The girl to who(or whom) Mary wanted to talk is my friend.

3. The girl Mary wanted to talk to is my friend.

4. The girl to Mary wanted to talk is my friend.

A.

1. Right: The girl whom Mary wanted to talk to is my friend.
是一般句。

2. Right: The girl to whom Mary wanted to talk is my friend.
to 放在關係受詞whom之前是第一句的加強句。

3. Right: The girl Mary wanted to talk to is my friend.
是省略關係受詞whom

4. Wrong: The girl to Mary wanted to talk is my friend.

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(12)

 

When was the meeting taken place? 對嗎?

 

A.不對,應該是When did the meeting take place? 因為take place沒有被動,如同happen, occur, belong, etc. 沒有被動一樣。take place (舉行) 的同義單字hold, 則有主動和被動,
例如:When was the meeting held?  We held the meeting yesterday.

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(13)

mind you作何解釋?

 

A. mind you or mind (口語) 是用在說話者補充說明之前,

或另一人說明「並非如此」。無法將它譯為中文。有譯為:提醒你,注意,且聽我說聽著,及列入考慮等。它隱含「但是」或「而是」,翻譯時不必譯出提醒你,注意,且聽我說,聽著及列入考慮等,因譯出全句時,句中已隱含其意。例如下列各句:

 

1.      A. Bob has been very bad-tempered this week.
B.
Yes, but mind you, he has been rather ill just recently.

2.      His work is rather slow, mind you, he doesnt make mistakes.

3.      I support your opinion, but mind you, I dont say it is the best.

4.      He spends a lot of his time in bed now. Mind you, he is 93.

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(14)

為何在所有字典堻ㄗS有apologise這個字?

 

A-ise 或 ize都是英文動詞字尾。-ise是英國拼法 ;ize是英國拼法。所以apologise是英國拼法 (British spelling) apologize 是美國拼法 (American spelling)。
在電腦上,如打apologise 則會出現紅色底線,提醒你拼錯了,其實沒錯。但並不是所有字典都沒有這個字,例如只查英國出版一本字典Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English堶情A凡是有- ise的動詞,都加註-ize. 但有一個字例外,那就是 advise, 不能拼作 advize.

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(15)

擺餐桌,鋪床怎麼說?

 

A. 擺餐桌 lay / set / spread the table
鋪床 make the bed
例如:Make the bed whenever you are up(起床).
            make one
s (own) bed  自食其果
           As you make your bed, (so) you must lie on it. 自作身受

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(16)

mind you, 常在小說中看到這句話,是什麼意思?

 

A. mind you or mind (口語) 是用在說話者補充說明之前,或另一人說明「並非如此」。無法將它譯為中文。有譯為:提醒你,注意,且聽我說,聽著,及列入考慮等。它隱含「但是」或「而是」,翻譯時不必譯出提醒你,注意,且聽我說,聽著及列入考慮等,因譯出全句時,句中已隱含其意。
例如下列各句:
1.  A. "Kelly has been very bad-tempered this week."
     B. "Yes, but mind you, she has been rather ill just recently."
2.  Her work is rather slow, mind you, she doesn't make mistakes.
3.  I support you opinion, but mind you, I don't say it is the best.
4.  He spends a lot of his time in bed now. Mind you, he is 90.

 

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(17)

be about to 後跟原形動詞?

 

A.be about to 後跟原形動詞。 about可用作介系詞,副詞,形容詞。

例如:介系詞:It is a story about her childhood romance.

副詞:I waked about the campus for hours after I saw her off.

形容詞:be about to + V  I was about to leave when she came.

be about to=正要;將要,但比 be going to 更近的未來。

我們可說 Im going to see her tomorrow. 但不說

Im about to see her tomorrow. 因為非常近的未來。

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(18)

Let sleeping dogs lie是什麼意思?


A.
本句為英文諺語,見Ronald Ridout & Clifford Witting著
       English Proverbs Explained一書中第397句,該書共錄800句。
      英文解釋是:Don
t do anything that will stir up unnecessary trouble.
      中文譯為:勿惹事,本人譯為:勿惹事生非。
      類似諺語 Wake not a sleeping lion第712句。
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(19)

「心理作用」怎麼說?

 

A. 心理作用----psychological process
化學變化----chemical process
教育過程----educational process
學習過程----learning process
請注意process 的不同譯法,在翻譯教學中有「詞無定譯」及「一詞多意」。

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(20)

「很久不見」怎麼說?

 

A.I havent seen you for a long time.
I haven
t seen you for ages. (英國人常這麼說)
It has been a long time since I saw you last.
It is a long time since I saw you last.
Long time no see. 第二次世界大戰中美並肩作戰時,我國士兵將「很久不見」
直譯為 Long time no see. 美國大兵(G.I.
governmentissue)入境隨俗,將錯就錯,
從此以訛傳訛,習以為常,成了中式英文(Chinglish)、美國的外來語。
正式埸合,當然不用
Long time no see.

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To be continued

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