BBS Q & A 9 (1-20)

金 陵

April 4, 2003

 Questions and Answers

本站為對英文有興趣之同學解惑,在「政大貓空BBS站」及「台大椰林風情BBS站」的英文板上,回答問題,並摘要選擇已回答的問題與答案,陸續登錄在本站BBS Q & A (1),(2),(3),(4),(5),(6),(7),(8),(9)中,供網友參閱。

(1)

by the way作何解釋?

 

A

1. 在途中。例如:I met my former teacher Mr. Wang by the way.

2. 一般英漢字典解釋是:(口語)且說,順便一提 (改變話題時使用)。
既是口語,但「且說,順便一提」均不是口語,所以應譯為口語:「對了」。
例如:老所上課中,突然想到今年放不放春假而問學生:
By the way, do we have spring break this year? (對了,今年放不放春假?)

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(2)

play script, plot, synopsis有何不同?

 

A play script 劇本;plot戲劇、小說的情節;synopsis戲劇、小說的概要。二十多年前看電影時,入場處備有單張電影中文「本事」,即電影故事概要,供觀眾取閱,因為當時無中文字幕。

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(3)

請問except  &  except for 的同法

A except (與除外的人事物同類)

1. He answered all the questions except the last one.

(except the last questions 均為questions)

2. He gets up early every day except Sunday.

(Mon through Sat 均為週中一日)

3. He can take his holidays at any time except in August.

(Jan through Jul and Sept through Dec 均為月份)

4. All the compositions are good except John's.

(all compositions 與John's composition 均為compositions)

 

except for(與除外的人事物非同類)

Your composition is good except for the spelling.

(因為作文好壞評量標準含spelling, ideas, grammar, punctuation, diction, organization, etc.

作文與拼字並非同類)

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(4)

The fact he is not clever gives us much pain.

這句錯在哪堙H

 

A The fact he is not clever gives us much pain.錯在fact後面少了that.

應為:The fact  that he is not clever  gives us much pain. that名詞子句的符號。

the fact gives us much pain.  fact 是什麼?fact 是that he is not clever,

所以that he is not clever是名詞子句,作為the fact 的同位語。

如寫作That he is not clever gives us much pain.亦可,此句便成為名詞子句作主詞用。

That fact  that we must recognize  is the lack of respect for the old. 形容詞子句,that是關係代名詞,作recognize的受詞。

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(5)

青梅竹馬怎麼說?

A 典故出自「妾髮初覆額,折花門前劇;郎騎竹馬來,遶床弄青梅」(李白 長干行)

青梅竹馬的感情:childhood romance

青梅竹馬的情人childhood sweetheart

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(6)

塞翁失馬怎麼說?

A Every cloud has a silver lining.

直譯:每一片雲有銀色的襯裹

意譯:禍中有福;塞翁失馬,焉知非福

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(7)

 

請問天候的形容詞

 

A cloudy, foggy, misty, rainy, sunny, windy

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(8)

請問雙引號及單引號怎麽用?

 

A.    在引用他人所說的話的時候,我們用雙引號 “.。如果在他的話中,他又引用第三者所說的話,這時候用單引號‘…. 例如:
An man in the audience said,
Can you tell who said, Give me liberty or give me death?

但是在英式英語中,雙引號及單引號用法哈巧相反,單引號在外,雙引號在內。
中文的雙引號及單引號的用法是用英國式的,例如:
母親說:『我小的時候,外公常常告訴我說:「十年寒窗無人問,一舉成名天下知」,所以我小的時候非常用功,才有今天小小的人成就。』
詳請參閱本網站

B.    「閱讀與寫作」中【英文標點符號的用法】(1), (2)

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(9)

 

連音有規則嗎?

 

 

A連音是英語的特徵,也是我們在聽英語的時候聽不太懂的主要原因。國語堥S有,除了「不用去了」中「不用」兩個字連起來唸為「甭去了」,「門兒都沒有」中「門兒」兩個字連起來唸。另外是兒化音「今兒」、「明兒」,「那兒」等等。此外在網路上將「這樣」二字連起來唸為「醬」。

英語連音一般的規則是:前面一個字的最後一個字母是子音,緊跟在後面一個字的第一個字母是母音就可以連音。還有 ”and在句子當中連音的時候,a & d 就不發音; him 中 h就不發音;her 中 h 就不發音的;them 中 th 就不發音等。例如下面的片語跟句子:

 

 

詳請參閱本網站「應用英語」→演講大綱→ 從「聲音記憶」與「語言習慣」談如何學習英語的聽跟講

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(10)

 

historic and historical 有何不同?

 

A historic 歷史上有名的;historical 歷史的。例如:

Anping Castle (安平古堡) in Tainan is a historic site. 

It is a historical novel歷史小說  It is a historical play歷史劇

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(11)

「善有善報,惡有惡報」英語怎麽說?

A 善有善報,惡有惡報,不是不報,時辰(日子)未到」,與「善惡到頭終有報,只爭來早與來遲」。英文諺語是:

The mills of God grind slowly. ( 462English Proverbs Explained
by Ronald Ridout & Clifford Witting )

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(12)

 

「遲到總比不到好」英語怎麽說?

 

A  英語中有句開車者的警語是:It is better to be late than never to arrive at all.

本句可改為 It is better to be late than never to come at all. 或
Better late than never.

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(13)

「百密一疏」有相同或相似的英文嗎?

 

A 英文諺語:Even Homer sometimes nods (智者千慮,必有一失)。 與「百密一疏」相似。

(Homer)是希臘最偉大的詩人,但羅馬詩人Horace說:既便如此,他的詩中偶而也見微瑕。如果用一句話來講釋,

例如:I’ve done the trip twenty times or more. I know every inch of the road.  You’d hardly believe it, but today I took a wrong turn and lost myself.

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(14)

寫作要如何精進?

A 閱讀與寫作是一體的兩面(Reading and writing are the two sides of a coin)。要寫作精進必須同時多讀好的文章,所謂「讀書破萬卷,下筆如有神」,詳請見本站「閱讀與寫作」。當然還要熟悉文法與用法,詳請見本站「語法與用法」。

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(15)

 

隻字片語如何說?

 

A  英國小說家查理士.狄更斯(Charles Dickens 1812-1870) 致其子Plorn信函中之頭一段有a few words(隻字片語)

“I write this note today because your going away is much upon my mind, and because I want you to have a few parting words from me to think of  now and then at quiet times.

「今天我寫這封短箋,一方面是因為你的離去,縈繞我心,另一方面是因為要給你隻字片語,供給你在寧靜的時刻裡,時而思量。」(全文詳見本站中英翻譯第12 a , b篇)

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(16)

. . .   the server, which creates a connection socket. 為什麼要這樣寫?可以把逗號去掉嗎?

A    1. His leg which was hurt  has healed. 限制形容詞子句
2. His leg  that was hurt  has healed. 限制形容詞子句
    (1 & 2用限制形容詞子句是因為要限制兩絛腿中那一條腿)

3. His head, which was hurt, has heeled. 非限制形容詞子句
   (head後用非限制形容詞子句是因為一般來說,人只有一個頭。
   我們可以說那條受傷的腿,但我們不能說那個受傷的頭。

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(17)

兩題文法

1. Kenny's death was similar to Lincoln's _________ they both died in office.

   a)in that    b)in spite of   c)due to    d)owing to

2. American culture is a combination of the contributions ______ who have

   settled within its borders.

   a)made by     b)made of     c)of those   d)of them

A

1. in that=在 . . . 這點上。 that 後可跟句子,但 b)是片語介系詞, c)& d)都是介系詞片語。
三者的最後of, to, to都是介系詞,介系詞之後不能直接跟句子。利用排除法,只有
a) 是對的。如果不是選擇題,可以寫成這樣:c) due to the fact that . . . .    d) owing to the fact that . . . .

2. a) by,  b) of, 後面跟受詞  d) of them 中 them已經是受詞或受格,但who 是主格。 利用排除法,只有 c) 是對的。those後面跟可以主格 who. 只有those who 沒有them who.

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(18)

vice versa 是什麼意思?

 

A

vice versa = the order being changed; conversely 即反之亦然。縮寫為 v.v. 源自拉丁文

例如:His girl friend blamed him, and vice versa. 他的女友責備他,他也責備他的女友。

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(19)

word of mouth through word of mouth一樣嗎?

 

A

word of mouth through word of mouth是一樣的,意思都是口碑。

例如:We know the English language institute through word of mouth.

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(20)

other thanrather than有何不同?

 

A

rather than 而非;other than . . . . . .之外

例如:He is a writer rather than a teacher. 他是作家而非老師。

There is nobody here other than me. 這堸ㄖ琱坏~沒有別人。

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To be continued

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