我的第一堂課(1)

 

 

 

September 9, 2007

 

退休已經八年了,也許因為不需要像從前那樣白天上課,並且定時在研究室為學生解惑,晚上批改作業,勞心勞力,所以晚上上床,一覺天亮,想做一個美夢都不成。退休之後,無「教」一身輕,睡眠充足,夢境頻繁,美夢不多,惡夢不少,像是上課找不到教室,忘了攜帶公事包,忘了帶教科書,忘了帶講義,忘了備課因而心急如焚,慶幸都及時急醒了,如釋重負,不禁莞爾。

 

昨夜我做了一個美夢:新的學年,新的學期,我的第一堂課是兩個小時的「大英文」,我的公事包面備好了講義,鈴聲最後一響的時候,我走進了一間有電腦和投影機設備教室,這一點是跟五十四年前我在台灣大學「大英文」的老師俞大彩教授學的,她從不遲到教室一分一秒 (按:老師是已故台大校長傅斯年先生的夫人)。等學生坐定之後,我就自介紹。

 

1. Self-introduction

 

一面作簡單的口頭介紹,一面在電腦上鍵入我的網站網址,秀出文字介紹,讓他們用眼睛掃描一遍。接著我從公事包拿出Lesson Plan (上課進度表)講義分發給學生。

 

 

    2. Lesson Plan

 

我分發並且講解這一個學期的Lesson Plan (上課進度表),包括期中、期末考試日期,國定假日,繳交及發還作業的日期,以及其它注意事項等等,作為學生和的我備忘錄。

 

First Semester of Academic Year 2007-2008

Course: Freshman English

Hours: Monday  10:10 - 12:00  Classroom:  6405

Weeks

Dates

Materials to Be Covered

1

9/17

1. Self-introduction  2. Lesson Plan  3. Dictation

4. Listening comprehension  5.Tongue-twister

6. Interesting Love Letter  7. Grammar Test

2

9/24

1. comment on classroom activities of week 1

2. decide text book and reading list, etc.

 

 

3. Dictation Practice

 

「知已知彼,百戰百勝」,為了因材施教,也為了教好這門課,我要了解他們的聽力,而聽寫是最好的方法之一,不僅聽得懂,還能寫出來。我播放下面這一小段。第一遍聽,第二遍一組一組的字,每一組完,停頓片刻,此時學生書寫,全部聽寫完之後,再一遍,以便學生補寫漏掉的字詞。課堂上第一次聽寫,我會收回了解他們的聽力。收回之後,我分發這段短文,提供給學生了解自己沒有聽懂的字和來不及寫的字。

 

It was five minutes to nine/ and in the distance/ the tolling of a bell/ could be heard./  Small figures,/ carrying bags,/  could be seen/ hurrying round corners/  leading into the main road,/which went/  in the direction of the bell./  The minute hand of the clock/ on the church tower/ gradually moved up/  to the figure of twelve,/ and the ringing ceased abruptly./  Only one solitary figure/ remained in the street./  There was no need/  for him to hurry now; /  he would be late for school anyhow.(摘錄自本人編輯27篇聽寫短文,並由美籍老師錄製)

 

 

   4. Listening Comprehension I

 

另一種測試聽力最好的方法之一是:一個問句附四個答案,聽完問題與答案之後,選擇一個最適當的答案,一共十題。聽完之後,告知答案,我分發答案卷,學生自行評分後繳交。

 

(1)   (C) Can you go to the library with me after school?
         (A) No, because Jennifer went with me.
         (B) I have to go there after school.
         (C) Yes, if you want me to.
         (D) I thought you’d never ask.

 

2.     (B) Have you read his new book?

(A) I’ve read all his books.
        (B) Yes, I have. Isn’t he a good writer?
        (C) Yes, I don’t think I’ll like it though.

(D) I didn’t know that was his name.

 

(摘錄自本人編著空中英語高中托福聽力測驗)

 

 

5. Listening Comprehension II

 

我告訴學生,如果你以英文閱讀來看待下面這篇文章,它比高中英文教本還容易,如果你以英語聽力來看待下面這篇文章,只聽不看,就不是那麼容易了,因為你閱讀它的時候,它是英文;你聆聽它的時候,它是英語。我播放這篇文章的錄音給學生聽,讓他們自問聽懂多少,也讓他們知道英語與英文之不同。

 

The most important holiday in China is the Lunar New Year. Since it is based on the lunar calendar, it comes about a month later than the Western New Year.  The Chinese New Year season traditionally lasts about a month. The period has now been reduced to a week or less.  There are some parallels with the Western New Year: houses are cleaned thoroughly, for instance, and families all get together for the festivities.  All debts must be paid off so that new year can be started with a fresh beginning. Feasts are enjoyed with family and friends, and there are lively dragon and lion dances in the streets. Everywhere there is the sound of fire cracker explosions. Children receive gifts of little red envelopes with money inside them.

 

Many superstitions are related to the celebration of the Chinese New Year. No sweeping  must be done in case the family’s good fortune will be swept out the door with the trash. One should be especially careful not to break any dishes, for such an accident is believed to bring about serious problems between members of the family throughout the coming year.  Conservative families send their kitchen god off to make his annual report in heaven on New Year’s Eve.  This god is worshipped in the form of a paper portrait of the god pasted on the kitchen wall. There he keeps an eye on his human family throughout the year, and goes back to heaven to report on what he has seen. To send him on his trip he is taken off the wall and burned, but not before some sweet paste and wine are spread over his mouth to make sure that he gives a good report about the family.

 

At New Year’s time most Chinese families paste signs on and around the front doors of their homes.  These signs consist of black or gold Chinese characters written on squares or strips of red paper, because red is a happy color which brings good luck.  The New Year sayings written on them are usually good luck phrases, or words related to spring—a symbol or new growth, new hope, new beginnings—since in China the New Year also marks the beginning of spring.  On New Year’s Day people dress in their best clothes to go visiting relatives and friends, wishing everyone they meet a Happy New Year.  Most shops are closed on this day; some stay closed for three days some up to a week, and then open their doors to the new year with the explosion of long strings of fire crackers.       

From Breakthrough by Oxford University Press

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