背誦短文 (9)

Selected Essays for Recitation
(
隔週一增新)
On Knowledge

     
June 11, 2001

 

There is a difference between knowledge and wisdom, but without the one the other cannot be gained. We cannot have a harvest of wheat without seed and skill of cultivation.1 Knowledge is the root of wisdom; wisdom is the ripe fruit of knowledge.

 

The love of knowledge has been characteristic2 of most great men. They not only loved knowledge but they were willing to work hard to attain it. When a man wins success, people say, He is a genius. But the real cause for his success was that the love of knowledge led to4 the effort to obtain it.

 

Useful knowledge is the knowledge which is of benefit to5 ourselves and to others, and that is the most important which is the most useful. It is the belief of many people that knowledge is better than riches,6 and that its possession7 brings more comfort to the owner than anything else.

 

The power of intellectual knowledge,8 without the owner of moral principle,9 often tends to10 evil. Character is the criterion11 of knowledge. Not what a man has,12 but what he is,13 is the question. The quality of soul is more than14 the quantity of information.15 If we have noble purpose, our intellectual attainments16 will naturally turn to17 the loftiest uses.

 

                                       W. F. Markwick and W. A. Smith

 

Notes

1.          cultivation n.: tilling.  種植。

2.          characteristic adj.: indicating the character of.  表明的特性。

3.          genius n.: a person with uncommon intellectual faculties.  天才。

4.          led to: caused.  引起;導致。

5.          of benefit to: good for.  有利於;有益於。

6.          riches n.: wealth.  財富。

7.          possession n.: holding.  保有。

8.          intellectual knowledge: knowledge.  智識。

9.          moral principle: morality.  道德。

10.      tend to: lead to.  導致。

11.      criterion n.: standard of judgment.  判斷的標準。

12.      what a man has: a mans knowledge.  一個人的學識。

13.      what he is: his character.  他的品格。

14.      more than: more important than.  重要。

15.      information n.: knowledge.  知識;見聞。

16.      attainments n.: achievements.  造詣。

17.      turn to: result in.  終歸。

 

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