英文文法總複習測驗解析

 

  

June 3, 2003

 

1.          remember + v + ing = remember what one has done or what has happened.

remember + to + v = remember what one has to do.

2.         try + v + ing = use something, do something, as an experiment or test, to see whether it is satisfactory.
try + to + v = make an attempt to; used for things that are difficult.

3.          It is not good / It is no use + v + ing

4.          one devotes ones time to / one is devoted to + v + ing (or noun)

5.          Never (have I) or other negative words to begin a sentence, use inverted sentence order.

6.          If + subj. + had + p.p., subj. + would/ could/ might/ should + have + p.p.

(unreal past)

9.          We notified 116 people. Only 56 of them have registered so far. We notified 28 people, of whom only 7 have registered so far.

10.     what = the thing(s) which
I don
t like the thing which Johnson writes.

11.     spend + in + v + ing / spend + v + ing
spend + on + noun (I spent a lot of money on books.)

12.     direct question: What was his reason?
indirection question: What his reason was.

13.     used to + v; be used to + v + ing

14.     He is the most diligent of all the boys I know. (unemphatic)
Of all the boys I know, he is the most diligent. (emphatic)

15.     instead of + n/ pron.; instead of + v + ing

16.     since (indicating time) followed by perfect tense.

17.     on a certain day

18.     despite (in spite of) + noun

19.  see 13

20.     consider + v + ing (Memorize those verbs and phrases followed by gerund.)

22.  I saw the man (who was) knocked down by a speeding car.

24.     ask/ asked that + subj. + verb (present tense)
ask/ asked that + subj. + should + verb (Memorize those verbs and adjectives followed by this pattern)

25.     see/ find someone coming (indicating complete or incomplete action)
see/ find someone come (indicating complete action only)

26.     We are going to talk about the problem (which was) discussed at the last meeting

27.     make/ have followed by infinitive without to

28.     stop + v + ing = to stop the action of what one is doing
stop + to + v = to stop what one is doing in order to do something else.

29.     see 6

30.     whomever = the man whom.

31.     She is satisfied with it. She seems satisfied with it.

32.     future perfect tense

33.     I have not been smoking for two months.
Or: I have not smoked for two months.

34.     lead to + v + ing (To in this sentence is a preposition.)

35.     (You) give me some money and I will. (main clause + and + main clause)
If you give some money, I will. (subordinate clause + main clause)

36.     Had you asked me = If you had asked me/ see 6

42.     worth + v + ing

43.     see 5

44.     Im a student, and so is my roommate. I will go, and so will my roommate.

45.     taste/ smell/ feel + adj.

46.     no plural forms for furniture, advice, news, chalk, information, etc.

49.     That was the girl that/ who lives in the dormitory next to the dining hall.

50.     whoever = the man who (Compare with 30)

 

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