動詞三態分類記

  
(Irregular Verb Forms)

November 17, 2001

 

英文的聽、說、讀、寫都需要用到動詞三態所以我們必須記住它們。下面是最常用的102個不規則動詞 (規則動詞 + ed),兩天記一個,不到一年也就全記住了。列印出來,貼在書桌前面的牆上,每天看一眼。一次生,兩次熟,想不記住它們也難。

 

The following are the most frequently used 102 irregular verbs.  It is necessary that you learn them by heart.

 

1.       The following verbs have the same form for three parts:

Simple form

Past form

Past participle

bet

bet

bet

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

burst

burst

burst

cast

cast

cast

cost

cost

cost

cut

cut

cut

hit

hit

hit

hurt

hurt

hurt

knit

knit

knit

let

let

let

put

put

put

quit

quit

quit

set

set

set

beat

beat

beat (also beaten)

 

2.         The simple form and the past participle of the following verbs are the same:

Simple form

Past form

Past participle

become

became

become

come

came

come

run

ran

run

 

3.         The past form and the past participle of the following verbs are the same:

Simple form

Past form

Past participle

bring

brought

brought

build

built

built

buy

bought

bought

catch

caught

caught

dig

dug

dug

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

found(建立)

founded

founded

flee

fled

fled

get

got

got

hang(懸掛)

hung

hung

hang(吊死)

hanged

hanged

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

hold

held

held

keep

kept

kept

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

leave

left

left

lend

lent

lent

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

pay

paid

paid

rend(撕破,奪取)

rent

rent

rent(租用)

rented

rented

say

said

said

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

shine

shone

shone

shine(擦亮)

shined

shined

shoot

shot

shot

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

spend

spent

spent

stand

stood

stood

teach

taught

taught

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

understand

understood

understood

win

won

won

wind(轉動)

wound

wound

wound(負傷)

wounded

wounded

 

4.         The simple form, the past form, and the past participle of the following verbs are different:

Simple form

Past form

Past participle

arise

arose

arisen

bear

bore

born

bear (承受)

bore

borne

begin

began

begun

bite

bit

bitten (also bit)

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

choose

chose

chosen

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

fell(砍倒)

felled

felled

fly

flew

flown

forget

forgot

forgotten (also forgot)

forsake

forsook

forsaken

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grow

grew

grown

hide

hid

hidden (also hid)

know

knew

known

lie(躺下)

lay

lain

lie(說謊)

lied

lied

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

see

saw

seen

shake

shook

shaken

show

showed

shown (also showed)

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank

sunk

speak

spoke

spoken

steal

stole

stolen

strive

strove

striven

swear

swore

sworn

swim

swam

swum

take

took

taken

tear

tore

torn

throw

threw

thrown

wear

wore

worn

weave

wove

woven

write

wrote

written

 

摘錄自拙著pp.207-211, Practical English Grammar and Rhetoric
(
中譯:實用英文文法與修辭 第九版第五刷,文鶴出版有限公司出版

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