英語聽講應有的認識
 
October 8, 2007

 

1.         Written English and spoken English are obviously different things.
英文與英語兩者顯然不同。

2.         Language starts with the ears.
語言是從聽開始學習。

3.         When a baby starts to talk, he does it by hearing the sounds his mother makes and imitating them
嬰兒開始學講話時,他是先聽母親講話的聲音,然後模仿那些聲音。

4.         If a baby is born deaf, he cannot hear these sounds, and therefore cannot imitate them and will not speak.
如果一個嬰兒天生耳聾,他就聽不到那些聲音,也就無法模仿,當然就不會說。

5.         Speech depends on hearing, and books don’t talk. You must hear English.
學習講話就靠聽,書本不會講話,所以你必須聽英語。

6.         But just hearing it is not enough, you must listen to it, and you must listen to it not for the meaning but for the sound.
只是聽英語還是不夠,必須注意聽,聽聲音而非聽意義。

7.         You can’t speak English inside yourself. It has to come out, so practice aloud.
不發出聲音不算是說英語,你必須說出來,所以你要大聲練習說。

8.         On films, on Video-tapes, on Cassette tapes, on the radio, on CD’s, most people can get an opportunity to listen to English some way, and this is what you must do.
看影片,看錄影帶,聽錄音帶,聽收音機,聽CD/Mp3大多數人都能獲得聽英語的機會,這是你必須這樣做。

9.         Films or radio programs have the disadvantage that you can’t stop them and ask for something to be repeated. Tapes and the audio-active-comparative language laboratory do not have this disadvantage. You can stop them whenever you like.
看影片或聽廣播的缺點是你不能叫停,並且要求將你想看的部份或想聽的部份重複一次。「聆聽錄音比較」型語言教室和錄音帶則沒有這種缺點,你可隨時停止,再播放一次。

10.     In the language laboratory you can repeat any part of the text as often as you need, and you must do this.
在語言教室,你可以不斷地重複聽課文中某一部份,而且這也是你必須這樣做。

11.     It is much better for your ear if you listen to the same passage six time than if you listen to six different passages.
聽同一段文字六遍要比聽六段不同文字各一遍的效果要好得多。

12.     In this way you will build up a store of sound memory which will form a firm base for your performance.
多聽幾遍可以幫助你建立聲音記憶的音庫,如此才會建立穩定說英語的基礎。

13.     You must compare as closely as you can the sounds that come out of your mouth with the sounds that you have listened to.
你必須仔細比較錄音帶母帶的聲音和你復誦時所錄下的聲音。

14.     Don’t be satisfied too easily. Try to match your sounds exactly with the sounds that you have listened to.
不要輕易地感到滿足,試著模仿與母帶的聲音一模一樣。

15.     While listening to your own performance, mark the places where you are dissatisfied, and practice these bits until you think you have them right.
在聽你自己的錄音時,畫下你覺得不滿意的地方,並且不斷練習直到滿意為止。

16.     Listen to your performance closely and carefully, and see where your performance does not match the original.
小心翼翼地聽自己的錄音,聽聽那與母帶聲音不一樣。

17.     Careful listening is the most important thing, and careful matching of performance with listening will bring you nearer to the ideal of a perfect English pronunciation.
聆聽非常重要,小心模仿可以使你更接近標準發音的理想。

18.     Which is the better way to learn a foreign language?
下面人哪一種是學習外語較好的方法?
a. Detour (
迂廻法,經由腦譯來了解聽到的英語)
b. Direct Association (
直接法,直接聯想聽到的英語)
  Of course, the right answer is b.
 
答案當然是b. 請參閱 英語的聽跟講(演講大綱)

 

錄自拙著 英語英文麼學

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