新聞英語語句解析導引

(符號示意及其它說明之範例)

    

 

July 7, 2004

(建議網友列印此篇参閱)

 

 

表示現在分詞或現在分詞片語作形容詞用。現在分詞或現在分詞片語用粗正體

表示過去分詞或過去分詞片語作形容詞用。過去分詞或過去分詞片語用粗正體

表示某些動詞或其名詞、形容詞後面跟的名詞子句中用原形動詞。該類動詞或其名詞、形容詞後面跟的名詞子句中動詞皆用粗正體,例如:

I suggested that he pay the money immediately.

該類動詞或其名詞、形容詞表列如下:

A. 動詞

 

1) suggest

I suggested that he pay the money immediately. (Am. English)

I suggested that he should pay the money immediately. (Br. English)

Her expression suggested that she was angry. (本句suggested 意為「表示」、「使人以為」等,而非「建議」,故未用原形動詞)

2) propose

I proposed that this matter be considered at the next meeting.

3) move

I moved that the meeting be adjourned for the time being.

4) insist

I insisted that he go to the library to borrow some books to read.

5) urge

It was urged that martial law be lifted next September.

6) demand

The criminal came to her house and demanded that she help him.

7) desire

The woman desired that all the letters be burnt after her death.

8) advise

I advised her that she be patient and wait until the next week.

9) ask

I asked that I be allowed to see the injured student as soon as possible.

10) command

The General Wang commanded that we attack the enemy at once.

11) instruct

The judge instructed the witness that he tell the whole truth.

12) order

The police officer ordered that the policemen fire the guns.

13) request

The professor requested that she write a term paper as soon as possible.

14) require

The boss required that all his employees work 16 hours a day.

15)recommend

I recommend that everyone student buy this grammar book.

B. 形容詞

 

16) advisable

It is advisable that he leave school as soon as possible.

17) anxious

He was anxious that his father have all she wants.

18) essential

It is essential that every child have the same educational opportunities.

19) necessary

It was necessary that her parents be informed of her whereabouts.

20) important

It was important that every student turn in his term paper at the end of the semester.

21) imperative

It is imperative that she write her reearch paper at once.

22) better

It is better that the President (Nixon) leave office than fight and keep it.

23) resolved

It is resolved at the committee that the manager be fired. (The committee resolved to fire the manager.)

 

ª 表示某些動詞或片語後面跟動名詞。該類動詞或片語及其後面跟動名詞皆用粗正體,例如:

He ªenjoys reading the novel.

該類動詞或片語表列如下:

Verbs

admit

deny

mind

resent

advocate

enjoy

miss

resist

appreciate

escape

postpone

risk

avoid

finish

practice

suggest

consider

imagine

quit

 

defer

include

recall

 

delay

keep

relish

 

phrases

be committed to

be used to

leave off

with a view to

be devoted to

cant help

look forward to

 

be opposed to

get through

object to

 

 

表示 go + 動名詞。go 的後面跟動名詞,大多表示是休閒活動。

go及其後面跟動名詞皆用粗正體,例如:

My mother and my sister go shopping quite often.  

go bird watching

去賞鳥

go mountaineering

 去爬山

go boating

去划船

go rock climbing

去攀崖

go bowling

去打保齡球

go running

去跑步

go camping

去露營

go skating

go canoeing

去划獨木舟

go sailing

去划船

go cycling

去騎單車

go sightseeing

去觀光

go dancing

去跳舞

go skiing

去滑雪

go electioneering

去辦理選務工作

go snorkeling

去浮潛

go fishing

去釣魚

go sledding

去坐雪橇

go grass skiing

去滑草

go sloganeering

去呼口號

go hiking

徒步旅遊

go surfing

去衝浪

go hunting

去打獵

go surfing the Net

網上瀏覽

go inline skating

去溜單排輪

go swimming

去游泳

go ice-skating

去溜冰

go tobogganing

去坐平底雪橇

go jogging

去慢跑

go walking

去散步

go mountain climbing

去爬山

go window shopping

去逛街           

粗體字後跟名詞子句,表示該名詞子句作粗體字的同位語,例如:
People keep telling us that democracy is kind of messy, and when you have close elections, theres a possibility that the outcome wont be immediately clear.

生字片語後,無論有無中文註釋,用粗正體, 例如:

The people embraced (擁抱) the peace and they didnt want to go back.

An international conference on the future of Iraq offered support for the interim Iraqi government's election plan, and called on all nations to help make the election a success.

    正體加底線表示名詞子句,例如:
He knows
that Grace is a good student.

    正體加底線表示名詞片語,例如:
Lt. Col. Clifford Kent, the public affairs officer(名詞片語,Clifford Kent的同位語), denied that the soldiers had been distributing candy and toys.

斜體表示限制形容詞子句,例如:
His leg which was hurt has healed.

粗正體表示非限制形容詞子句,例如:
His head, which was hurt, has healed.

    粗斜體表示副詞子句,例如:
He was happy when he saw her.

    It(it是虛主詞,代替後面實主詞的名詞子句) is expected that one in three UK smokers - about 4m people - will take steps towards giving up.

    If caught(省略子句,if 後省they are), they face a fine and jail or caning for men younger than 50.

    Not only is the West beginning to appreciate oriental looks(倒裝句) but Asian women are also increasingly able to parade their beauty to a more welcome Asian audience.

    He arrived in China on Sunday for a five-day visit aimed at boosting economic and energy cooperation between the close allies (名詞片語,at的受詞).

 (Updated 03 / 02 / 2006)

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