4. 學習文法 (Grammar)
虛字(expletive) “it” 在句前做虛主詞代替句後出現的真主詞的例句，「中國郵報」(
(1) “I think it’s nice to be recognized and it is certainly nice to be appreciated.”
(2) “It was not clear whether the
(3) “It was not immediately clear what impact the bills
would have on two major
(1) “Four in 10 of
the institutions surveyed were already having difficulty filling
business posts and one in four said they were having trouble recruiting
faculty in mathematics and health professions.”
(a) “None of the crewmen aboard the super-tankers was injured.”
(b) “None (of the differences) are really important,” he
said, repeating his statement
(1) A ranking Soviet diplomat was found hanging by his neck from
a leather belt in the bathroom of his residence in
(2) Deputy Defense Minister Ran-jan Wijeratne elaborated on
proposals by President Ranasinghe Premadasa for possible
international involvement in any further talks with the
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.(
(3) Hong Kong - the Tiaoyutai islands dispute took a tragic and
emotional turn yesterday when the leader of a ship of protesters
from Hong Kong jumped into the sea and drowned after
being barred from going ashore.(
5. 學習修辭 (Rhetoric)
1) “We have challenged these evil forces that are trying to weaken our independence, our security and our future.” (摘自「中國郵報」，惜未錄日期。) 本句中重複 “our” 一字, 以加強語氣。
2) “No troops were sent into combat to die unnecessarily, no laws were broken, no papers were shredded, no money changed hands, no one lied to Congress and every one of the those things happened under this administration,” he said.
“Now is not the time for anger and
bitterness, for recrimination and blame.
文法專題研究 (Study of a
Specific Grammatical Element)
Verbals (participle, infinitive, and gerund) in News Headlines
1.Senate groups checked on medical records of dying Casey, report says.
2.Four Iranian embassy staff members expelled by
3.U.S. Stinger missiles altering war in
4.New York Times urges delay of
5.Broad consensus seen in
6.Messe testimony put off for a week.
7.Iranian activist killed in
8.Thatcher to tell Gorbachev of U.S. concern on arms talks.
10.Two Kuwaiti tankers to receive
12.Voting starts in
13.Reagan seeks for more funding for Contras.
1.Bus mishap death toll rises to 8, 2 still missing.
3.Death toll from typhoon climbs to 111 with 257 missing.
4.30 feared dead as floods sweep northern
5.Raid yields 111 suspected drug pushers in
6.76,000 Mercedes cars recalled.
7.38 die in 9 insurgency-related incidents.
8.Paper gown designed for bride on a budget.
9.Main witnesses at
11.World Bank has record lending year.
12.Waves of bombings raise concern in HK.
1.Smoking youths stab moviegoer.
2.Truckers boycotting Miaoli pottery plants.
3.detained on uninhabited island.
4.fugitives nabbed from stricken boat.
5.Glass piece in tongue unnoticed for 6 years.
6.Change urged in status of Forestry Bureau.
7.Gov’t may increase taxi fares, allow charge by elapsed time.
8.Unexpected elements may tip tournament.
9.Wilander to face Carlsson in
10.Dangerous rocks to be removed near Taroko.
11.Cabinet says military to stay “nonpartisan.”
12.U.S insurers to vie to enter local market.
(1) speaking on condition he be not identified.
(2) speaking on
condition he not be named.(
(3) who spoke only on condition that his name not be used.
(4) who asked to remain anonymous.
(5) who did not want to identify himself.
(6) who declined to be identified.
(7) who insisted on not being identified.
(8) who demanded anonymity.
(9) who insisted on anonymity
(10) who briefed reporters on condition of not being named.
(11) who wished to remain anonymous.
(12) who did not wish his name used.
(13) who did not want to be named.
(14) who spoke on condition he not be identified by name.(
(15) who agreed to discuss the talks in general terms on condition he not be identified. (12/23/l992, China News)
(16) who asked not to be identified.(
(17) who requested anonymity.(
(18) who declined to be named.(
(19) … a spokesman for the royal
family said on customary terms of anonymity. (1/27, 1998,
(20) They spoke on customary condition their names not be used. (
(21) who asked not to be named.(
(22) They spoke on condition that they not be identified. (
(23) The agenda for the
meeting was not known, said the diplomat, who spoke on condition of anonymity
because of protocol. (
(24) …said a person
familiar with her condition who asked not to be named because news about her
is a sensitive topic. (
(25) A scared resident
of the town told Reuters by telephone, asking to remain anonymous for
(26) Another resident,
also asking to remain unnamed, said police were making announcements through
loudspeaker urging residents to move to safer places.(
(27) …a police
official, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to
speak to the media, said.(
b. 5000 English-Chinese Phrases in the News(英漢、漢英新聞詞彙5000)
c. English-Chinese & Chinese-English Frequently Used Phrases in the News(英漢、漢英新聞常用語詞典)