September 12, 2002
(a) I bought the following articles: sheets, towels, and blankets．
(b) The table lamp consists of three parts: a stand, a bulb, and a shade.
Dear Sir: Dear Mr. Reagan: Gentlemen:
Dear Mary, Dear John,
Our class starts at 8:
(a) This is my favorite quotation: “It is difficult to say what is impossible, for the dream of yesterday is the hope of today and reality of tomorrow.”
(b) The question is: What can we do for our country?
Her intention is obvious: she wants to marry him.
(a) I—I don’t know. You’d better ask her.
(b) The entire teaching facilities—console, tapes, earphones, and tape recorders—were stolen last night.
(c) I’ll give—let’s see, what can I give?
She has only one interest—food.
Professor Chu collects postage stamps, coins, sea shells, matchboxes—in short,
anything that interests him.
(a) What a surprise!
(b) How beautiful a girl she is!
(c) What a beautiful girl she is!
(a) Help! My house is on fire!
(b) Be quiet!
(a) Three-fourths of the freshman students are girls.
(b) There are twenty-two boy student and ninety-eight girl students in the Department of English.
He is a graduate student of National Chengchi
We had a heart-to-heart talk last night.
7. 括號( )
I saw the two students (they are lovers) kissing each other.
8. 句號( . )
(a) I wish to enter an ideal university.
(b) Turn in your papers, please.
(c) Will you please send me a copy of your university catalogue.
She asked if you would come to her birthday party.
W. W. Wang has returned to
(b) Dr. Tang earned his Ph. D. degree from
Do you find English writing difficult?
Chaucer was born in 1340(?) and died in 1400.
10. 引號(“ ”)
(b) “I don’t like her, ” she explained, “because she is far too proud.”
Did he say, “I am going to college next year”?
Did he say, “Are you going to college next year?”
“Mom and Dad did not come home with them because Sunday was parents’ day off; the boys did the housework and cooked the meal of the week, while Father and Mother stayed on for church service.
“But by the time diner was ready the boy had climbed into bed. The shoe had to be cut off his swollen and discolored leg. Why on earth hadn’t he told somebody? Go quick and fetch the doctor!”
(4) 引用句中另有引用句時, 用單引號表示
She said, “ I quite agree to the saying ‘To love and to be loved is the greatest happiness on earth’.”
11. 分號 (；)
(a) The singular form is mouse; the plural form is mice.
(b) she made up her mind; she laid her plans; she began her trip.
(2) 用在連接兩個主要子句的連接副詞 (consequently, however, moreover, nevertheless, so, still, then, therefore, thus, etc.)之前。
He did not pass the examination; therefore, he was unhappy.
(3) 用在連接兩個主要子句的連接詞 (and, but, or, nor, for)之前，當主要子句本身
Henry, a freshman, lives at home; but Karl, his brother, does not.
12. 刪節號 (…)
In his essay LUCK Winston Churchill wrote: “The longer one lives, the more one realizes that everything depends upon chance… a man’s own contribution to his life story is continually by an external superior power.”
譯自本人英文著作Practical English Grammar and Rhetoric